International Society for Quantitative History

QH Webinar Series

Religion, Rebellion and State Education: Evidence from Colonial Korea

16:00 | Thursday, May 12, 2022

Zoom Webinar

English

Sangyoon Park

Sangyoon Park

Assistant Professor of Economics, HKU Business School

Unknown author, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons

Sangyoon Park of HKU Business School examines how religion affects political mobilization and brings about policy change in providing state education in the context of colonial Korea. Protestantism was introduced by American missionaries in the late 19th Century and quickly spread across the nation, establishing a significant presence by the time the country was colonized by Japan in 1910. Owing to the colonial government’s suppressive policies against Protestant churches, its leaders played a central role in the Korean independence movement, which culminated in the March First Movement (MFM) in 1919, a nationwide protest movement calling for independence from Japanese rule.

To quantify the role of Protestants in the MFM and the subsequent colonial policy change, Sangyoon Park and his research team collect and exploit extensive data on the establishment of religious institutions, protest activities during the MFM, and public primary schools during the Japanese colonial period. Preliminary evidence suggests that townships with more Protestant churches experienced i) higher incidence and intensity of political demonstrations during the MFM, and ii) after the MFM, more rapid expansion of public primary education relative to townships with fewer Protestant churches. By contrast, they find that other religions, such as Catholic churches or Buddhist temples, have no systematic relationship with protest participation or education expansion after the MFM.

In this Quantitative History Webinar, Sangyoon Park explains the role of religion in the diffusion of political demonstrations and suggest potential mechanisms through which religion and political mobilization influenced education provision by the state.

Discussant: Duol Kim, Professor of Economics, Myongji University

Live on Zoom on May 12, 2022
16:00 Hong Kong/Beijing/Singapore
09:00 London | 17:00 Seoul/Tokyo | 18:00 Sydney

Thursday, May 12, 2022

Zoom Webinar

Sangyoon Park

English

The Quantitative History Webinar Series aims to provide researchers, teachers, and students with an online intellectual platform to keep up to date with the latest research in the field, promoting the dissemination of research findings and interdisciplinary use of quantitative methods in historical research. The Series, now in its third year, is co-organized by the International Society for Quantitative History, HKU Business School, and Hong Kong Institute for the Humanities and Social Sciences. 量化歷史網上講座系列由香港大學陳志武和馬馳騁教授聯合發起,旨在介紹前沿量化歷史研究成果、促進同仁交流,推廣量化方法在歷史研究中的應用。本系列講座由國際量化歷史學會、香港大學經管學院和香港人文社會研究所全力支持和承辦。

Conveners: Professor Zhiwu Chen & Dr. Chicheng Ma (HKU Business School)

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